Environmental monitoring involves the observation and analysis of data samples coming from the environment to establish its quality and what kind of impact human activities have on it; the three main subjects of environmental monitoring are soil, atmosphere and water.
How this can happen? Environmental monitoring systems are commonly composed of: sensors, data acquisition systems (data logger), data transfer systems, data management systems and data analysis.
Typical measurement samples are: wind, humidity, temperature, dew and frost point, noise, differential pressure, pressure, flow, lux and CO2.
The analysis of collected data can provide essential information for the correct interpretation of those phenomena that are causing climate change and buildings deterioration, as well as for life quality monitoring in smart cities in consideration of key issues like pollution, overpopulation, waste disposal, etc.
Environmental monitoring can involve both the external environment (city, countryside, sea, mountain) and also the internal environment in buildings.