Dam Monitoring Systems
Dam monitoring is a subbranch of Structural Health Monitoring (SHM), which is essential for professionals involved in assessing the integrity of structures. Dam monitoring focuses various aspects of structural deterioration, such as strain, stress state, inclination, displacements, cracking, and dam deformation monitoring. Its purpose is to evaluate the stability, safety, and overall soundness of the dam post-construction.
In addition to evaluating the parameters, dam monitoring may also involve monitoring total and relative movements between different zones of an embankment and its foundation. These measurements are crucial because design errors, geotechnical stability problems, maintenance issues, and construction material unreliability can potentially lead to dam failure.
For a comprehensive monitoring service, it is essential to extend the scope beyond just the physical parameters. It is necessary to consider environmental factors, such as wind, temperature, humidity, and turbidity when evaluating the integrity of a dam. Neglecting these factors can have a significant impact. Furthermore, geotechnical measurements, including landslides, groundwater pressure, water level, flow, leakage, and seismic events, should also be considered during the monitoring process. This comprehensive approach ensures a 360-degree assessment of dam integrity and helps to minimize potential risks.