Tunnel Monitoring Systems
Tunnels play a crucial role in the transportation system, but their regular and manual monitoring poses significant challenges. As a solution, IoT technology has been introduced to monitor these heavy structures, such as tunnels, by assessing their changing impact after the application of loads and the influence of environmental factors.
Tunnel Monitoring is a subbranch of Structural Health Monitoring (SHM), which encompasses the analysis of various parameters related to the structural deterioration of tunnels. These parameters include strain, stress state, inclination, displacements, cracking, and deformation.
The IoT behavior technology is utilized by the monitoring system to keep track of the structural health of the surrounding area. It monitors the squeezing of ground conditions, chimney positions, face collapse, and water level. The system also helps in verifying external environmental parameters and geotechnical measurements. External environmental parameters are wind, temperature, humidity, and turbidity levels. Geotechnical measurements are landslides, groundwater pressure, water level, flow, leakage, and seismic events. The integration of these parameters is vital for a complete understanding of tunnel health and deterioration.